jueves, julio 30, 2015

Compelling Evidence of Human Health Effects of Pesticides

THIRD WORLD NETWORK INFORMATION SERVICE ON SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
Dear Friends and Colleagues 
The use of synthetic chemical pesticides (insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, etc.) in agriculture around the world began in the 1950s with the onset of industrial agriculture through the ‘Green Revolution’. Since then, industrial agriculture has come to rely increasingly on the use of these chemicals, many of which have become extremely pervasive and persistent in the environment as a result of their widespread repeated use. Pesticideshave been found in every habitat on earth and are routinely detected in both marine and terrestrial mammals.
A report by Greenpeace examines the growing body of research relating to known and suspected human health effects of pesticides, given that the general population is exposed to a cocktail of pesticides daily through food and polluted air, water and soil. Among the many active ingredients that are potentially dangerous to health are the currently approved organophosphates, chlorpyrifos and malathion. Some groups of people are particularly exposed/vulnerable such as farmers and pesticide applicators, young children and fetuses in the womb. The report cites compelling evidence showing correlations between pesticide exposure and incidences of childhood leukemia, several types of cancer, neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease, and endocrine and immune system disruptions along with transgenerational effects.
The report calls for an urgent paradigm shift from industrial agriculture with its heavy reliance on chemical additives towards the full implementation of ecological farming as the only means of feeding the world healthy and safe food and protecting the ecosystems we live in. With this, it underscores the necessity of a phase-out of synthetic chemical pesticides, through legally binding national and international agreements and targets.
The Executive Summary of the report is reproduced below. The full report can be accessed athttp://www.greenpeace.org/international/en/publications/Campaign-reports/Agriculture/Pesticides-and-our-Health/
With best wishes,
Third World Network
131 Jalan Macalister
10400 Penang
Malaysia
Email: twn@twnetwork.org
Websites: http://www.biosafety-info.net/and http://www.twn.my/
To subscribe to other TWN information services: www.twnnews.net

PESTICIDES AND OUR HEALTH - A GROWING CONCERN
Executive Summary
Since 1950, the human population has doubled, yet the area of arable land used to feed these people has increased by only 10%. There are huge pressures to provide food, at low cost, on land that is becoming more and more degraded as nutrients are stripped from the soil. Reliance on external inputs – fertilisers and pesticides – continues to be the short-term solution for large-scale commercially intensive agricultural systems.
Synthetic pesticides have been widely used in industrial agriculture throughout the world since the 1950s. Over time, many of these chemicals have become extremely pervasive in our environment as a result of their widespread repeated use and, in some cases, their environmental persistence. Some take an extremely long time to degrade, such that even those banned decades ago, including DDT and its secondary products, are routinely found in the environment today.
As a consequence of this persistence, and potential hazards to wildlife, effect-related research on the impact of pesticides has increased exponentially over the past 30 years (Köhler and Triebskorn 2013). It is now clear that these effects are wide and varied. Over the same period, scientific understanding of the effects of pesticides on human health and their mechanisms of action has also expanded rapidly, with studies revealing statistical associations between pesticide exposure and enhanced risks of developmental impairments, neurological and immune disorders and some cancers.
Nevertheless, proving definitively that exposure to a particular pesticide causes a disease or other condition in humans presents a considerable challenge. There are no groups in the human population that are completely unexposed to pesticides, and most diseases are multi-causal giving considerable complexity to public health assessments (Meyer-Baron et al. 2015). Furthermore, most people are exposed to complex and ever changing mixtures of chemicals, not just pesticides, in their daily lives, through multiple routes of exposure. Pesticides contribute further to this toxic burden.

Nuevo libro de Carmelo Ruiz Marrero



El gran juego de ajedrez botánico: Escritos sobre biotecnología y agroecología es una compilación de 15 años de trabajo investigativo y educativo del periodista Carmelo Ruiz Marrero en torno a los temas de la agricultura, ecología, biotecnología y soberanía alimentaria. Es un esfuerzo por documentar y analizar el modelo de agricultura industrial capitalista, el cual está exacerbando el problema del hambre y la crisis ambiental, y servir de guía a los nuevos movimientos sociales, pensamientos ecológicos y paradigmas científicos que están surgiendo y planteando alternativas.

Para comprarlo:


http://www.editorialtiemponuevo.net/2015/01/el-gran-juego-de-ajedrez-botanico.html

http://libreriaisla.com/mm5/merchant.mvc?Screen=PROD&Store_Code=LI&Product_Code=9781505964356&Category_Code

http://www.amazon.com/gran-juego-ajedrez-botanico-biotecnologia/dp/1505964350/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1421124564&sr=8-1&keywords=el+gran+juego+de+ajedrez

martes, julio 28, 2015

Agrotóxicos: Relato Progresista-Modelo Extractivista, Jorge Rulli [GRR]

Transgénesis de un continente, nueva edición




El estudio que presentamos es la actualización de la investigación del mismo nombre publicada en el año 2009. Ella mostraba el gran avance en el uso de organismos genéticamente modificados en la región a partir de su introducción hace casi veinte años. Avance que se enmarcaba en la transformación de la agricultura tradicional hacia una producción agroindustrial de gran escala que no sólo ha modificado los modos de producción, sino también toda la estructura sociocultural del mundo rural.


Cuatro años después la situación no ha hecho más que profundizarse. El agronegocio domina la producción agraria regional destinada a la exportación, influenciada en parte por procesos globales como la expansión de la demanda de carne principalmente en los países de Asia, pero también de Europa; la revalorización de la tierra como instrumento de inversión a partir de la crisis financiera del 2008; el aumento global de precios de los productos agrícolas; el aumento de la producción y consumo de los agrocombustibles; y la agenda climática que promueve los transgénicos como una de las principales soluciones a los problemas del cambio climático, la escasez de agua y las sequías. Esta creencia es a nuestro juicio una más de las falsas soluciones propuestas para enfrentar la crisis climática.

Pero no solo hay factores externos, también hay motivaciones nacionales: los gobiernos de la región han sido fieles impulsores de la agroindustria, promoviéndola como un camino para alcanzar el desarrollo. Como resultado, en los últimos años hemos vivido un proceso de reprimarización de las economías en América Latina con grandes impactos en los territorios, proceso llamado neodesarrollismo.

jueves, julio 23, 2015

Errors, fraud, lies, and William Saletan – Part 1: Golden rice

William Saletan Loves Golden Rice
The journalist William Saletan’s indictment of GMO critics is being promoted by the GMO lobby. In the first of a three-part series, Claire Robinson looks at his arguments on golden rice

Argentina: Los derechos de la naturaleza, la participación ciudadana y la biotecnología

Biodiversidad en América Latina | Argentina: Los derechos de la naturaleza, la participación ciudadana y la biotecnología


El 17 de Abril de 2015 el Ministerio de Agricultura Ganadería y Pesca de la Nación, mediante la Resolución 98/2015 aprobó la comercialización (condicionada a la aprobación en China) de la semilla transgénica de soja (DAS-444Ø6-6) con tolerancia al glifosato, glufosinato y 2,4-D, solicitada por la subsidiaria local de Dow Chemicals.

La semilla ya había sido cuestionada en la instancia administrativa por las ONGS, Acción por la Biodiversidad, Foro Ecologista de Paraná, Centro de Protección a la Naturaleza, Bios y la Red de Abogados de Pueblos Fumigados, que en su presentación solicitaron acceso a los estudios ambientales, presentados por la empresa peticionante, y exigieron el cumplimiento de una instancia de participación ciudadana.

domingo, julio 19, 2015

We don't need "golden rice"

http://ordinary-gentlemen.com/blog/2015/07/17/we-dont-need-golden-rice/

by Robert Greer
Journalist Will Saletan set the Internet afire yesterday with his long-form piece against anti-GMO activists.  A key component of his argument is that Golden Rice, which has been genetically engineered to contain Vitamin A precursors, has not been welcomed by anti-GMO crowd with open arms.  But what Saletan fails to mention is that the science is still out on whether golden rice is actually the boon it’s claimed to be.
The best evidence we have is that the compounds in the rice are converted to Vitamin A in the human system, but this isn’t enough to say that it’s healthy — Saletan makes a lot of hay out of the fact that anti-GMO activists often can’t point to specific known harms, but instead must rely on fears of unknown future problems.  But unknown side effects are not necessarily inchoate, ad hoc rationales to oppose genetic modification, and are in fact especially salient in the realm of nutrition because of the field’s complexity. The body’s processes for gleaning nutrition from a particular food are highly complex, and depend on many different factors such as the ratios in which the nutrients are presented to the body, the form in which they greet your digestive system, and the composition of your gut biome. For example, iron is difficult for your body to assimilate properly if you’re not getting enough Vitamin Csugars in juice may be dangerous while sugars in whole fruits are not, and large numbers of people are deficient in Vitamin B12 despite getting plenty of it in their diets, for reasons that are still not entirely clear.

No hay evidencia de inocuidad

No hay Evidencia Científica de la Inocuidad de los Transgénicos 

Un nuevo estudio encargado por el gobierno noruego, y llevado a cabo por una autoridad científica reconocida a nivel nacional sobre la seguridad de las biotecnologías, concluye que los datos científicos disponibles sobre los cultivos transgénicos es insuficiente para demostrar su seguridad.
El informe científico fue encargado por la Agencia Noruega para el Medio Ambiente y se completó el año pasado, antes de ser publicado en junio por el Centro para la Bioseguridad, ubicado en la Universidad del Ártico de Noruega. El Centro para la Bioseguridad es un centro nacional designado como la autoridad en temas de bioseguridad.

sábado, julio 18, 2015

From DDT to Roundup, by Evaggelos Vallianatos

Ruthless Power and Deleterious Politics: From DDT to Roundup 

Resistance is now taking a new form: the removal of global toxins, unfortunately, one at a time. In early 2015, the usually timid and agribusiness-friendly, World Health Organization, declared both glyphosate and 2,4-D probable human carcinogens. Following on this modest step, in May 14, 2015, the International Society of Doctors for the Environment, based in Basel, Switzerland, issued an appeal to the European governments: “To immediately and permanently ban, with no exceptions, the production, trade and use in all the EU territory of glyphosate-based herbicides.” The UK journalist, Georgina Downs,echoes that sentiment to include all pesticides.
Humans need a pesticides-free future. We need to appeal to all politicians all over the world to ban permanently and without exception all pesticides. Glyphosate represents all pesticides. Our message and policies should be telling agribusiness companies enough is enough: no more death rain. Monsanto, on the other hand, isbuilding additional facilities to manufacture another weed killer by the name of dicamba in order to mix it up with glyphosate. That way the joint product will be more effective against the super weeds resisting glyphosate.
Pesticides are chemical weapons. They were brought to market under the cover of questionable and often fraudulent science and regulation. They are maintained in farming under the false pretense of feeding the world. They are danger itself; they are biocides. They are simply the money lubricants of giant agriculture. They serve no public purpose. We don’t need them.

martes, julio 14, 2015

GMO safety: No evidence

No scientific evidence of GM food safety 

The new study analyses a dossier by giant agribusiness conglomerate, Monsanto, submitted to the Brazilian government, and also conducts a comprehensive review of the available scientific literature from other sources.
Its focus is on Monsanto’s GM soybean Intacta Roundup Ready 2 Pro, which is grown in Brazil, and also authorised in Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay, and probably also present in Bolivia due to illegal introductions from neighbouring countries.

viernes, julio 10, 2015

Sobre transgénicos: Cinismo, manipulación e ignorancia

Biodiversidad en América Latina | Sobre transgénicos: Cinismo, manipulación e ignorancia

Carmelo Ruiz: Are the GMO advocates playing fair?

How independent are the “independent” experts that advocate for GM foods? Are they being secretly paid like some climate change “skeptics”? The activist group U.S. Right To Know (USRTK), decided to find out. On February 2015 USRTK filed a FOIA request for the e-mails and correspondence of public university professors that write for GMO Answers, a pro-GM advocacy web site set up by the Ketchum public relations agency. “We taxpayers deserve to know the details about when our taxpayer-paid employees front for private corporations and their slick PR firms,” said Gary Ruskin, the organization´s executive director.

This content was originally published by teleSUR at the following address: 
http://www.telesurtv.net/english/bloggers/Are-the-Pro-GM-Debaters-Playing-Fair-20150320-0001.html. If you intend to use it, please cite the source and provide a link to the original article. www.teleSURtv.net/english